TOPIC HELP: Russia?
Topic: Essays on peace and war
June 17, 2019 / By Braiden Question:
I have to write an essay in a short period of time on Russian Revolution (specifically the february and october revolutions of 1917). I was thinking of having my thesis as "The disastrous aftermath of WWI opened Russia up to the idea of Bolshevism and revolution" I know I need to fix it up, but that's the general idea. Any sincere suggestions would be helpful.
For my three points, I need some help. I have one as the war weakened Russia's army/made susceptible to Bolshevik army, wanted to regain prestige/develop into a leading nation, and I'm not sure of a third point. Again any help would be incredibly helpful. I have no background on any Russian history and I'm finding this very overwhelming. If you don't think 10 pages can be written on how WWI led to Russian Revolution, do you know of two other cases? I could then make WWI just a third of the focus on a much wider topic.
My sincere thanks again, I know I'm asking a lot.
Best Answers: TOPIC HELP: Russia?
Adino | 4 days ago
I think a more easy to explain 3 points might be:
1) the war eroded much of the support for the autocracy - the Bolsheviks did not have an army until very late 1917 (Red Guards were loyal to their Soviets not to the Bolshevik Party) The near total collapse of army discipline led to the Bolsheviks being able to set up soviets in battalions, further undermining the Imperial order - not to mention heirarchical army order & discipline.
2) The Bolsheviks were the only party that wanted to create, in the Russian Empire, a fully communist model state - assuming that the more developed industrial powers, specifically Germany, would follow.
3) The Bolsheviks were pragmatic enough to follow events, rather than letting ideology dictate their moves. For example, the Slogan "All Power To The Soviets" was taken up by them - it was not originally a Bolshevik policy.
And finally, how the Bolsheviks seemed to represent what many people in Russia actually wanted - Bread, Land and Peace - three things, that in the long run they did not get.
For further information - try The Soviet Union 1917 - 1991 by Martin McCauley, or email me a question
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Originally Answered: Russia questions.homework help please?
Wikipedia can be useful to point you to more authoritative sources of answers. If that's a permitted use of Wikipedia, you might try that. Check out the discussions attached to each Wikipedia page to see what points on the page are argued about. Pay attention to the history of changes on the page. If the page changed just moments ago, I'd consider the change to be less reliable then something that has survived unchanged in Wikipedia for months. If your teacher insists that you pay no attention whatsoever to Wikipedia, Google is your friend, but your teacher apparently wants you to consider the reliability of your sources. nytimes.com and cia.gov are pretty reliable though I'm sure you can find people who will sincerely disagree with my assertion on this. Answers.yahoo.com is not, IMHO, an authoritative web site for anything.
Item 1 - Russia spans Europe and Asia so I'm guessing that is what question 1 wants you to observe. Googling for
line between europe asia
is informative. I'm not sure I'd take about.com pages as authorities. Likewise you should question anything you find in blogs that isn't well-corroberated by other sources. Is worldatlas.com reliable enough a source for you? It notes Turkey is another country that spans Europe and Asia. Turkey and the USSR used to border on each other, but Russia is separated from Turkey by Georgia. Russia and Turkey share the property of having Black Sea coast lines. The only way for a ship on the Black Sea to reach the rest of the world's seas is through the Bosphorus Strait, a narrow channel through Turkey, so you can be sure that naval treaties are an important matter between Turkey and Russia.
I'm going to leave questions 2-5 for you to research on your own.
Stick to that topic, you'll find it very interesting if you get into it and you can easily write ten pages; there's a lot to it (people have written books on it).
You've got the basic idea right but you've gone wrong on a few issues.
Firstly, its wrong to say that the war introduced the idea of Bolshevism and revolution to Russia. The Tsar had already nearly been overthrown in 1905 (check this out, its quite intersting, it also began because of a war, the 1904-5 Russo-Japanese War) and socialist and revolutionary ideas had had a strong foothold in Russia going back to the 19th century. Its not that it introduced these ideas but that it increased people dissatisfaction and suffering and made rebellion much more likely. Its also not so much that the army was weakened materially, since actually the revolution was ito some extenet initiated by dissatisfied soldiers who mutinied, but that the Tsars control over it was weakened. Also, don't use the word "aftermath", since the war was still ongoing.
A quick background; russia was an extremely unequal and outdated society that had suddenly began to change very rapidly. It had begun to industrialise, which had brought tremendous suffering to the cities, especially in times of economic hardship. But the Tsar wasn't in touch with his people and hadn't brought in any democratic reforms.
Four points you might want to consider for the February Revolution (when the Tsar was overthrown);
1. Increased hardship because of the war. This is the most important one, you have to use this. As always the costs of the war led to increased hardship; supplies of food dried up because all the workers were fighting and farm machinery was taken of by the army to use in the war.
2. Military defeat and dissatisfaction; Like your idea for a first point but with a difference in what you mean by "weakened the army". Russian soldiers fought bravely but they were poorly equipped, badly commanded and war weary and for three years the war had brought them nothing but death, misery and defeat. Average soldiers' dissatisfaction would be key to the revolution.
3.The Tsar and loss of prestige; More or less like your second idea. The Tsar believed that a Russian victory in the war would increase his position. made the terrible mistake of making himself commander in chief. This meant he was personally linked to the defeats and Russia's loss of prestige.
4.But also meant he was away at the front and his queen was left to rule the country in his absense. She was unpopular because she was German and she was controlled a monk called Rasputin; a manipulative, drunken chancer who ended up virtually running the country before he was assassinated in 1916.
The revolution began in Petrograd in February 1917 when workers started striking and rioting over lack of food. When soldiers refused to obey orders to suppress this and instead joined the rioters, the Tsar was forced to step down.
The October Revolution (when the Bolsheviks took power in a coup);
The war was the main reason the Bolsheviks were able to gain support and take power. The government who took over after the Tsar stayed in the war delayed reforms (e.g bringing in democracy and greater equality) until it was over. But military defeats continued and so did economic hardship. As a result Lenin was able to gain support among soldiers and workers with his simplepromise of "peace, bread and land".
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It is pretty general. Karl Marx introduced these ideas and it was taken by Lenin and his comrades. The people were done with a Czarist empire, they needed food, shelter, you name it. The population was very upset with Nicholas, Bloody Sunday occured in 1905 and his reign perpetuated the disconnect with central power, the Duma and the population as a whole. You should absolutely concentrate on WWI but it is not the biggest reason for the Revolution.
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Originally Answered: Writing a novel set in Russia, can anyone provide some insight?
Usually snow melts by the beginning of april and in June it can be pretty hot.
What kind of infrastructures? Transport? I'm pretty sure traffic will still be heavy in 2030. New, southern Moscow will be actively built (city expands in southern direction according to plan), lots of new subway stations and likely buses with hybrid engines gas/electric-capacitors. Problems with parking places are likely to remain despite efforts to shift load to public transportation.
It is likely that Moscow will face huge problems with water pipes and electricity communications. It used to grow faster than planned and outgrown the capacity of these infrastructures. Many of them are hard to maintain.
Another thing I'd expect in 2030 - depopulation of Moscow, people leaving big city to return to various provinces, something opposite to events of 1990- 2010 when all the Russia was gathering inside capital. I think, in the forseable future people would start to return, as jobs return - to places with less cost of living and especially lower prices for realty.